• Welcome to Earth Science! 

     
     
     
     
     
    The most current Topic Overview is listed first.  
    Scroll down to see past Topic Overviews. 
    Due dates are given to students and posted as soon as they become available.
     
     
           ***CLICK HERE*** for a link to download a printable ESRT 
     
    Important Dates: Regents Lab Practical will be given on June 7th, each period will be given a time to meet at the testing room (D-1) What to bring: Sharpened pencils only!!
                                          Regents written exam is on Thursday 6/15 at 11:40am,     students will be given a room assignment prior to the date What to bring: Sharpened pencils, blue or black ink pens, basic (NON-graphing) calculator 
     
     
    Topic 13: Interpreting Geologic History

    Topic Outline:

    A. Relative Dating

        - Principle of Superposition

        - Intrusions/Extrusions/Inclusions

        - Rock Sequencing

    B. Absolute Age

        - Carbon 14 & Uranium 238

        - Half-life

        - radioactive decay

        - ESRT p. 1 and 3

    C. Correlation

        - use basic rock similarities:

            composition, color, thickness, fossils, sequence

        - Index Fossils

        - volcanic ash/key layers             

        - unconformities

    D. Geologic History of NYS

         - ESRT p. 8-9

    Homework:

    HW#8- Geologic Dating   Due: 6/5

     read p. 278-280/Do p. 280-281, #1-7 AND

     read p.284-290/Do p.286-290 #21-46

     

    HW#9- Correlation          Due: 6/6

    read p.281-282/ Do p.283-284 #8-20

     

    HW#10- Geologic HistoryComplete on your own

    read p. 291-295/ Do p. 295 #47-52
            

     Online Homework:

    Earth’s History Video w/worksheet    Due: 6/8

     

    Using ESRT p. 8 & Using ESRT p. 9  Due: 6/9

     (Just watch!)

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Lab 5-1 Sequence of Events

       Correlation Lab

       Radioactivity Lab    

     

     

     

     

    Quizzes 

    Lab Quiz: 5-1 Sequence of Events

                                                  Date: 6/2* updated

    Test:

     Topic 13: Geologic History  Due by 9:00pm 6/11
            (Castle Learning Exam)
     
     
     
                                     Topics 9 & 10: Weathering, Erosion & Deposition

    Topic Outline:

    Weathering

       - types: Physical & Chemical
       - factors affecting rate of weathering      - soil formation

    Erosion 

    - Agents of erosion
                gravity, water, wind, glaciers**
    - Stream Development (ESRT p. 6)
                stages, stream velocity,
                    stream load
     - Sediment features from erosion

    Deposition

        - Factors that affect settling rate

        - Sorting of sediments

        - Erosion-Deposition Systems

               erosion dominant with high                          energy

              deposition dominant with low                     energy

     

    **Glaciers are agents of erosion AND play a huge roll in deposition as well.  You should be able to recognize certain vocabulary as it pertains to glacial action.

    Homework:

     HW#5 - Weathering             Due 5/19

     read p. 182-185/Do p. 186, #1-10

     

     HW#6 - Erosion                     Due:5/24

     read p.186-194/ Do p.194-195 #11-29


     HW#7-  Deposition                Due:  5/25

     read p. 202-210/ Do p. 204-211 #1-25

            

     Online Homework:

     Soil Slideshow w/ws             Due: 5/18

     Erosion Slideshow w/ws        Due: 

     Rivers Slideshow w/ws           Due: 5/23

     
        *Remember all slideshows are found under the "Assignments Download" tab!!! 

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Physical & Chemical Weathering

       Lab 3-3 Deposition

       Beach Erosion

     

     

     

     

     

    Quizzes:

     Weathering Quiz     Date: 5/19

    Test:

     ESRT Test #3           Date: TBA
     
     Topics 9 & 10- Weathering, Erosion, Deposition   
                                              Date: 5/26
     
     
     
     Topic 12: Earth's Dynamic Crust

    Topic Outline:

    A. Earth’s Crust & Interior

        - analysis of seismic waves to “infer” interior

        - P and S waves/ ESRT p. 10

    B. Earthquakes

        - causes, focus, epicenter

        - seismograph readings

        - P & S wave travel time/distances/ESRTp 11

        - triangulation (finding an epicenter!)

        - Mercalli and Richter scales

        - tsunami

        - emergency preparedness

    C. Continental Drift

        - Wegener/Pangea/evidence

    D. Plate Tectonics

        - sonar mapping reveals seafloor spreading

        - evidence of SFS

        - 3 types of plate boundaries/                        ESRT p.5

        - plate motion

    E. Volcanoes & Hot Spots

        - island & volcanic arcs

        - ring of fire

        - hot spots (Hawaiian Islands)

    F. Evidence of Crustal Movement

        - surface evidence

        - deep crustal evidence

    Homework:

    HW#1- Earth’s Interior   Due 4/26

     read p. 255-258/Do p. 258-259, #29-41

                          

    HW#2- Earthquakes           Due: 4/28

    read p.246-253/Do p.253-255 #9-28

     

    HW#3- Plate Tectonics          Due: 5/5

    Read p. 259-267/Do p.267-270 #42-68

     

    HW#4- Crustal Changes            Due: 5/8

    Read p. 244-245/Do p. 245-246 #1-8

            

     Online Homework:

    Earthquakes Intro Slideshow         Due: 4/24             

     (found under ASSIGNMENTS TAB!!)

     

    Seismogram Analysis Video w/ws      Due: 4/25

     

    Lag Time Practice                                   Due: 4/27

    (found under ASSIGNMENTS TAB!! No worksheet, just write answers on loose leaf page)

     

     What is Continental Drift? Video w/ws 
                                                                 Due: 5/1

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Lab 4-5 Epicenter

       Local Epicenter Lab

       Continental Drift Lab

       Seafloor Spreading Activity

       Convergent Plate Boundary Lab

     

     

     

     

    Quizzes:

     Lab Quiz: 4-5 Epicenters     Date: 5/1

    Test:

     ESRT Test #3           Date: _____ TBA
     
     Topic 12- Earth’s Dynamic Crust   
                                                     Date: 5/10 
      
                                      
                                                              Topic 11: Minerals & Rocks

    Topic Outline:

       Minerals
        - composition, structure
        - properties, identification
        - ESRT p. 16 
     
        Rocks
        - formation, classification, and                             identification:

        Igneous ESRT p. 6

                Sedimentary  ESRT p. 7

                Metamorphic  ESRT p.7

       The Rock Cycle

        - How are the 3 types of rocks                            interrelated

         - ESRT p. 6
            
     

    Homework:

     HW#9- Minerals          Due: 3/30

     read p. 218-222/Do p. 222-223, #1-15

                          

     HW#10- Rocks & Rock Cycle     Due:4/19

     read p.223-232/ Do p.232-234 #16-37   
            

     Online Homework:

     Intro to Minerals w/ws       Due: 3/28

     Mineral Characteristics w/ws    Due: 3/29

     Intro to Igneous Rx          Due: 4/3

         Fill in flow Chart part 1   

     Intro to Sedimentary Rx        Due: 4/6

         Fill in flow Chart part 2         

     Intro to Metamorphic Rx       Due: 4/18

         Finish flow chart 

    Mineral ID Slideshow            on your own by 4/4

    Igneous Rx ID Slideshow         on your own by 4/20

    Sedimentary Rx ID Slideshow   on your own by 4/20

                       

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Lab 2-2 Properties of Minerals

       Lab 2-3 Igneous Rocks

       Lab 2-4 Sedimentary Rocks

       Lab 2-5 Metamorphic Rocks

     

     

     

    Quizzes:

     Lab Quiz: Properties & ID of Minerals

                                                         Date: 4/4

     Lab Quiz: Rock Identification           

                                                        Date: 4/20

    Test:

     Topics 11- Minerals & Rocks       Date: 4/21
     
     ESRT Test #3                               Date: _____ 
                                               
     
     
     
     
                               Topics 8 & 14: Climate, Groundwater, Landscapes

    Topic Outline:

    Climate
      - climate control factors

        - reading climagraphs

    Water Cycle

        - diagram & processes

        - groundwater      

    Infiltration & Ground Water

        - porosity

        - permeability

        - capillarity

    Landscape Characteristics

        -slope, shape, soil patterns

        -drainage patterns

    Landscape regions

        -mountains, plateaus, plains

        -ESRT p. 2

    Effect of climate on landscapes

         - arid & humid                        

     

    Homework:

    HW#6- Climate   Due: 3/15

    read p. 165-171/Do p. 172-174, #26-61                      

    HW#7- Infiltration              Due: 3/21

    read p.160-163/Do p.163-165 #1-25

     

    HW#8- Landscape Regions & Drainage Patterns                                                                       Due: 3/24            Read p.302-313/Do p.304-314 #1-25 

     Online Homework:

    What is El Nino?  w/ws           Due: 3/14

    Porosity, Permeability & Cappillarity                                             w/ws                      Due: 3/22

    NYS Landscape Regions Slideshow w/ws

                   (in Assignments Tab!!)   Due: ______

                     (Above will be done as classwork)                         

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Climagraph Lab

       Lab 7-10 Hawaiian Rainfall                                       Patterns

       Water Movement in the Ground

       Lab 3-9 Landscape of NYS

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Lab Quiz: Water Movement in the Ground                                                                      Date: 3/23

    Test:

     Topics 8&14- Climate, Groundwater &                                                                Landscapes   Mon. 3/27
                                               
                                   
     
                                                 
    Topic 7: Meteorology

    Topic Outline:

    Properties of Earth’s Atmosphere

        - ESRT p. 14

        - convection, conduction, radiation

    Weather Variables

        - Weather Instruments

        - Temperature/ ESRT p. 13

        - Pressure/ ESRT p. 13

             *High & Low Pressure Systems

        - Wind

             *surface winds

             *local winds (breezes)

             *global winds/ESRT p.13

             *jet stream

        -Humidity

            *Relative & Absolute Humidity/ESRT p. 12

            *Dew Point & Cloud Formation

                -using cloud base altitude                       chart

            *Adiabatic Cooling & Heating

                     -Orographic Effect

                     -Lake Effect Snow 

    Severe Weather

        - Hurricanes & Tornadoes   

    Weather Patterns

         - Air Masses & Fronts

         - Typical Northeast storm                          pattern

    Station Models/ESRT p. 13

     

    Homework:

    HW#1- Atmosphere, Temp & Pressure  

                                                     Due: 2/1

    read p. 126-129 /Do p. 128 & 130, #1-17

                           

    HW#2- Winds              Due: 2/2

    read p.131-135 / Do p.132 &135-136, #18-35

                          

    HW #3-- Storms & Severe Weather   

                                                   Due: 2/13

    read p. 147-151/Do p. 151, #70-77

                                                                            

    HW#4- Atmospheric Moisture    Due: 2/28

    read p. 137-142/Do p. 142-144, #36-60

     

    HW#5- Air masses & Fronts     Due: 3/7

    read p. 144-146/Do p. 146, #61-65

     Online Homework:

    Calculating Humidity & Dew Point w/ws  

                                                     Due: 2/17

    Weather Fronts Review w/ws      Due: 3/6

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs: 

       Lab 6-5 Weather Patterns

       Lab 6-6 Cyclonic Weather

       Dew Point & Cloud Formation Lab

       Interpreting Station Models

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Quiz: Pressure & Wind         Date: 2/3

    Lab Quiz Cyclonic Weather    Date: 2/15

    Quiz: Humidity, Dew Point, Clouds   Date: 3/2 

    Lab Quiz Weather Patterns      Date:­3/8

                         

    Test:

     Topic 7- Meteorology
           Periods 2 & 6: Part 2 Thurs. 3/9
                         Part 1 Fri. 3/10 
           Period 8: Part 2 Fri. 3/10
                           Part 1 Mon. 3/13                                          
                                   
     
     
     
                                Topic 6: Insolation and the Atmosphere

    Topic Outline:

    Atmosphere Basics

         -layers of the atmosphere

         -clouds & atmospheric transparency

    Greenhouse Effect

        - layers of atmosphere & ozone

        - greenhouse gases

        - shortwave vs. long wave radiation

    Heat Budget

         - incoming minus outgoing =                    temperature

         - daily & yearly temperature lags

         - causes for Heat Budget shifts

    Homework:

    HW #10- Greenhouse Effect   Due : 1/6

    read p. 103-104/Do p. 104-105, #3,5,9,8,10

                                                                            

    HW#11- Heat Budget        Due : 1/11

    read p. 108-109/Do p. 111, #26-31  AND

    read p. 114-115/ On a post-it define: “sunspot” and      “deforestation”

                                           

    *Please note that we are not covering ALL the material found in Topic 6, we have either covered it already OR will touch upon it in a future topic.


     Online Homework:

    Greenhouse Effect video         Due: 1/5

             w/worksheet     

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs:

       Greenhouse Gas Lab

       Global Warming

       Lab 7-4 Heat Budget

     

     

    Quizzes:

    GHG Lab            Date:  1/9

     

    Lab Quiz 7-4        Date: 1/11

                         

    Test:

     Topic 6- Insolation and the Atmopshere
                            Friday, 1/13 

    *ESRT Test #2: Thurs., 1/19

    *Midterm: Wed., 1/25 periods 1-3

                                                   

     
    Topic 5: Energy in Earth Processes

    Topic Outline:

    Electromagnetic Energy

         - wave properties

         - EM Spectrum (ESRT p. 14)

         - Insolation, absorption &                                              radiation

    Energy Transfer

        - Conduction

        - Convection

        - Radiation 

    Temperature and Heat

         - temperature (ESRT p.13)

         - specific heat (ESRT p. 1)

    Phase Changes

         - Types of Phase Changes

         - Phase Change Diagram

         - Heat gained/released for water                          (ESRT p. 1)

    Homework:

    HW#6- EM Spectrum

     read p. 82-84 /Do p. 84-85, #1-12

                                                Due : 12/12

     

    HW#7- Energy Transfer

    read p.85-86/ Do p.86-87, #13-24

                                                 Due : 12/14

     

    HW #8- Temp and Heat

    read p. 88-89/Do p. 89-90, #25-30                                                                   Due: 12/19

     

    HW#9- Phase Changes

    read p. 90-93/Do p. 93-94, #31-48

                                                    Due: 12/22

     Online Homework:

    Heat Transfer Experiments       Due: 12/21

     assignment cancelled

    Found in ASSIGNMENT LINKS on webpage!

    Complete experiments #3 & #4 by graphing the data and completing questions in packet.

     

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs:

       Lab P-6 Absorption & Radiation

       Lab P-4 Conduction

       Lab P-5 Convection

     

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Lab Quiz P-6        Date:  12/15

     Lab Quiz P-4/P-5       Date:  12/20

                         

    Test:

     Topic 5- Energy in Earth Processes 

                                         Friday, 12/23            

     
     
                           Topic 4: Earth, Moon, Sun System & Insolation

    Topic Outline:

    Models/History

         -Geocentric

         -Heliocentric

    Actual Motions

        -Evidence of Earth’s Rotation

               Star Trails, Foucault, Coriolis

         -Evidence Of Earth’s Revolution

              Retrograde Motion, Apparent             Diameter of Sun, changing                 constellations

    Apparent Motions of

         -Stars

         -Planets

         -Sun

              Celestial Sphere drawings

              Daily and seasonal pathways of                    Sun

              Tilt of Earth and reason for                     seasons

    Variation of Insolation (Topic 6)

        -angle of insolation

         -time, season, latitude, duration 

    Moon

         - Moon Phases

         - Eclipses (solar and lunar)

         - Tides (spring and neap)

                          

    Homework:

    HW#1- Models         Due : 11/15

    read p. 63-64 /Do p. 65, #15-19

     

    HW#2- Actual Motions    Due : 11/17

    read p.65-70/ Do p.68, #20-27 and p.70-71, #28-40

     

    HW #3- Apparent Motions      Due : 11/22

    read p. 60-62/Do p. 62-63, #1-14

                               

    HW#4- Insolation & Seasons (Topic 6) 

                                                      Due: 11/30 

    Read p. 105-107/Do p.110-111, #11-28 and

       read p. 116-118 Do p. 119 #39-48     

                                       

    HW#5- Moon       Due : 12/7

    read p. 71-74/Do p. 74-75, #41-57

     

     Online Homework:

    Rotation/Revolution Video w/ws   Due: 11/14                                           

    Shadow Simulation w/ws       Due: 11/23

    Eclipse Webquest   Due: 12/2

     

    Class Assignments/Labs:

      Actual Motions:             Rotation/Revolution

       Apparent Diameter

       Star Trails Activity

       Apparent Daily Motions/Celestial Sphere

       Angle of Insolation

       Moon Pops

        

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Rotation & Revolution        Date:  11/18

     
    Lab Quiz: Angle of Insolation   Date: 12/1

                         

    Test:

     Topic 4- Earth, Moon, Sun System &                                                     Insolation         

              Periods 2 & 6: Thursday, 12/8

           Period 8: Part 2 on Thursday, 12/8                      Part 1 on Friday, 12/9 

                      

                                       
     
     
     
    Topic 3: Earth in the Universe

    Topic Outline:

    Origin of the Universe

         -Proof of the Big Bang Theory

              *spectral line observations/Hubble’s Law

              *background microwave radiation

          -age of the universe

    Structure of the Universe

         - What is a galaxy?

         - Stars

              HR Diagram (ESRT p.15)

              life cycle

    Our Solar System

              - age of our solar system

              - ESRT p.15 (Solar System Data)

              - Celestial Objects: Planets, comets, and meteors

    Keplar’s Contribution

           -3 Laws

           -Ellipse and Eccentricity (ESRT p. 1) 

                          

    Homework:

    HW#8- Big Bang & Stars  Due : 11/1

    read p. 38-44
    Do p. 40, #1-6 and p.44-45 #7-23

     

    HW#9- Solar System      Due : 11/2*updated

    read p.45-47

    Do p.47 #24-29

     

     HW#10- Planets & Eccentricity  Due: 11/7

    read p. 48-50

    Do p. 51-52, #30-50

     Online Homework:

    Universe Scale and Structure  w/worksheet                                             Due: 10/24

     

    How Do We Study the Stars? w/worksheet

                                             Due: 10/27

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs:

     

       Doppler Shift of Galaxies

       Classification of Galaxies

       Star Classification

       8-3 Ellipses

          

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Origin of the Universe                                                                    Date:  10/28

     Lab Quiz: Star Classification

                                   Date:  11/3*updated

                         

    Test:

     Topics 3 Test : Wed. 11/9 

                      

     
     
                                
    Topic 2: Measuring Earth

    Topic Outline:

    Earth’s Shape and evidence

    Spheres of the Earth

           - Atmosphere (ESRT p. 14),   Hydrosphere, Lithosphere (ESRT p.1)

           - Composition of Spheres (ESRT p. 1)

     Earth’s Coordinate System

      (Latitude & Longitude/Time Zones)

    Field Maps

         - Drawing and Reading isolines

         - Gradient (ESRT p. 1)

    Contour Maps

        - reading a contour map

        - drawing a profile

        - Gradient (ESRT p. 1)

                          

    Homework:

    HW#5-Spheres of Earth & Shape

                                                Due : 9/27

    RB p. 18-20 Do #1-17 p.20-21

     

    HW#6-Coordinate System  Due : 9/30

    RB p.22-24 Do #18-30 p. 24-25

     

    HW #7- Fields & Mapping   Due: 10/17

       RB p.26-30 Do #31-34 p.27 and

                              #35-48 p.31

     

     Online Homework:

    Shape of the Earth Video w/worksheet

                                         Due: 9/23

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs:  

        1-2: Earth’s Shape

     

       1-4: Constructing a Field Map

       Topo Maps Lab

      

          

     

     

    Quizzes:

    Lab Quiz 1-2 Earth’s Shape: 9/28

    Lat/Long/Time Quiz: 10/6

    Lab Quiz 1-4 Field Maps: 10/14

                         

    Test:

     Topics 1 & 2 Test : Wed. 10/19

                      

     
               Topic 1: Introduction to Earth's Changing Environment

    Topic Outline:

    Observations and Inferences

     Percent Deviation (% Error)

     Measurement Review

     Density

        -equation

        -Relative Density

        -temperature and pressure changes

        -size and shape changes

     

    Rate of Change

        -formula (ESRT p. 1)

        -graphing:

          Cyclic, Static, Direct, Inverse

     

                          

    Homework:

     HW#1- Classroom Policies & Safety Contract                                                         Due: 9/8

     HW#2- Observation/% Deviation/Density

    Read Review Book p: 2-4

     Do #1- 9 on p. 4-5    and Read  p. 5-6

    Do # 10-18  on p. 7             Due:9/15

     

    HW#3 - Rate of Change

    Read RB p. 7-9   Do # 19-28 p. 10-11

                                    Due: 9/20

     

    HW #4 – Human Interaction

    Read RB p. 11-12     Do # 29-39 p. 12

                                 Due: ____________

     Online Homework:

    Density w/worksheet                  Due: 9/13

      

    Beginners  Guide to Graphing  

         w/worksheet          (completed in class)

     

     

    Class Assignments/Labs:

    Labs:

       P-1:Density

       P-3: Graph Analysis

      

          

    Quizzes:

    Measurement/Observation/Inference: ____   

    Lab Quiz P-1: Density: 9/16

    Lab Quiz P-3: Graph Analysis:   9/22                       

    Test:

     ESRT Test #1 : Monday 9/26